History of the castle
1234, despite everything, Pierre Mauclerc must yield in front of
the force (English alliance does not bring the desired military
aid to him): he joined French mobility and the castle of Aubin Saint
is given in pledge to the troops of Louis IX. With the majority
of his son Jean (1237), Pierre gives up, as promised, any political
activity and engages in forwarding of Louis IX in Egypt. Joinville
speaks about it then like knight assagi and worthy of praises in
The castle and the
village of Aubin Saint then will benefit from a few decades of peaces
which will allow a significant economic development in all the duchy.
About 1430, under
the reign of the duke Jean V of Montfort, the village "is emmuraillée"
and the castle is altered. The desire of peace of the duke and his
political prudence does not prevent it from being kept at its borders.
Brittany indeed saw a period of safety and of prosperity relating
close to France to fire and blood but, in the border areas, the
ceaseless incursions of lorry drivers of all edges oblige with vigilance.
Thirty years later,
the situation is much less calm: under Louis XI, the dukes of Brittany
take part in the last great feudal revolts. Thus, in 1465, François
II adheres to the league Public property and 10 000 Breton soldiers
are engaged against the French. The years pass in escarmouches which
do not give really the advantage to one or the other camp.
In 1487, the open
war with France becomes inevitable. Several Breton barons, in favour
of fastening in France and gathered behind the marshal of Rieux,
recognize the rights of Charles VIII to succeed the duke (who does
not have a male heir). To perfect treason, they obtain the assistance
of 6 000 soldiers balanced by the king of France. The French Army
is actually strong of 15 000 men divided into three bodies and equipped
with an artillery of excellent quality. This army fails in spite
of very in front of Nantes (June August 1487) and the marshal of
Rieux (fine captain of war) then joins himself the duke thus giving
again a little hope to the Breton ones.
But on July 19, 1488,
the French troops of Trémoille remove, gràce with
their artillery, the castle of Ferns in spite of the resistance
of its 3 000 defenders. The castle of Aubin Saint of Cormier is
invested in its turn and on July 28, to some step of the village
in the moors of Usel, the 15 000 French fall out of the 11 000 Breton
soldiers (there are with them English archers) that Rieux gathered
with haste. Engagement lasts only 4 hours but it is a true carnage:
6 000 Breton remains on the ground whereas the French deplore only
1 500 victims. The winners do not make prisoners: all the combatants
who carry the black cross (distinctive sign of the Breton army inherited
the crusades) are carried out.
The duke François
II, overcome and morally killed, is constrained with rendering and
peace is signed on August 20, 1488. The old duke will not survive
humiliation: he dies in September. By way of pledge, the king of
France preserves several strengthened cities of which Saint Aubin
of Cormier. The troops of occupation are there always in 1490 and
the castle will be dismembered before their departure. In 1491,
the girl of François II, Anne of Brittany, becomes queen
of France by marrying Charles VIII, the winner of Aubin Saint of
Text of Gérard
Boulé (But it was not translated by GB)