History of the castle
Aubin of Cormier is one of these sites which enter very early the
history of the duchy of Brittany and which accompany all the political
and economic evolution by the area.
The watershed which
dominates a vast landscape close to the forest of Rennes where Pierre
de Dreux liked to drive out gave him the desire for building a fortress
: work thus starts in 1255.
In addition to the sentimental interest, the choice of the site
answers other requirements:
- located at a few miles of the Steps of Brittany, it is a passage
obliged for the French who frequently show inclinations of invasion.
- It also allows the monitoring of the castle of Glazed (the baron
André III is the brother-in-law of Pierre de Dreux but they
are both in cold for a business of heritage). Ferns is not far either
and deserves attention even if the duke has the right to hope that
the Raoul young person will remain to him faithful. In a more general
way, Pierre de Dreux practises an intense policy of construction
military to position of central capacity vis-a-vis large feudal
Armorican which is shown often turbulent.
- Lastly, Saint Aubin is in the center of a rich agricultural area
of which it is advisable to continue the started clearing one century
ago. It is then necessary to ensure the peasants and the middle-class
men whom one attracts here a sufficient protection so that the place
remains gravitational. The village and for the same reasons will
be also equipped with many privileges (exemption of the royalties
seigneuriales in particular).
Some precise details
on the promoter of this castle: Pierre de Dreux, "baillist"
of the duchy of 1213 to 1237 (he dies on its return of crusade in
1250) was called thereafter Pierre Mauclerc. This name would mean
or "clerk who badly turned" (it would have studied, in
his youth precedes, to embrace an ecclesiastical career) or "that
which is against the clerks" (by allusion to its frequent clashes
with the Breton clergy and to a policy often anticlerical). From
Island of France (it is wire of Robert II of Dreux, one of principal
vassal of the count de Champagne). He is a foreigner for the Breton
ones and will thus not be officially duke but "baillist"
of the duchy, titrates that he obtains by his marriage with Alix,
heiress of the ducal family. In 1213, the king of France, Philippe
Auguste, faithful to his policy of hexagonal centralization, has
truly in hand the destinies of Armorique and requires of Pierre
de Dreux the liege homage (it is the closer link and most constraining
of vassalage). Does Mauclerc have to be carried out and there will
remain faithful to its oath until in? 1224!
In spite of this bond of vassalage and as of its accession with
the throne, the ambition of the "baillist" (his son, Jean
Ier the Russet-red one, will work in the same direction) will be
to make of Brittany a true state: economic reality equipped with
an administrative organization elaborate and supported by a significant
Since 1232, the
castle of Aubin Saint of Cormier will prove his utility. The troops
of king de France, Louis IX (that some call Saint Louis) besiege
it but without success. Let us recall that, 3 years earlier, Pierre
Mauclerc, concerned to be freed from the "protection"
of his French neighbor, made homage of the duchy to king Henri III.