History of the castle
2 - The keep of
the castle of Roy
still intact Romance keep in the Gironde, its construction begins
as of completion from the ramparts.
In a charter of 1224,
Louis VIII, the King of France which went Master of the territories
to the North of the Garonne, fact share of its decision of building
a fortress in the enclosure of the city; but work will start only
in 1237, on request of Henri III of England, whereas the area again
passed to the hands of the English sovereign.
The texts do not enable
us to determine which of the two sovereigns chose the site for the
construction of this keep: it is isolated from the center of the
city and the principal axes of circulation and is protected on three
sides by a ditch dug in the rock.
Side city, the escarpment
of the calcareous rock constituting the base of construction is
levelled by two terraces.
14.50 height meters
square tower, of walls and 9 meters per flanked face of three buttresses
each one, it 2.25 meters thickness is a typical example of the style
"Anglo Normand", very antiquated for the time, it does
not testify to aucuns of the technical progress carried out since
the end of XIIe century and attests permanence of the tradition
of Romance military construction in the Western South.
The terrace of the
top was probably covered with the Middle Ages, because there remains
facings of wall between the two small towers of guets which surmount
The interior of the
tower counts three stages: the room of rez of roadway is arched
in cradle. A spiral staircase leads to the higher room whose it
vault lies in cradle disappeared. Lastly, one reaches the last room
by a staircase with right flight.
None of these rooms
comprises chimney, it thus did not act certainly of a residence
seigneuriale, but rather of a defensive keep intended to supervise
and protect the neighbourhoods, as much as symbolically meaning
the sovereignty of the King.
During the Middle Ages,
the keep accomodated the meetings of Jurade before this one does
not settle with the top of the markets of the market.
Today, twice per annum
Jurade goes up in procession at the top of the tower, to celebrate
there the chapter of spring in June and the round of applause of
the grape harvest in September.
Bégouin and Valerie Noyé
Drafting of the text: Valerie Noyé