History of the castle
The castle of Pierrefonds is located
at a hundred kilometers in the north of Paris, between Compiegne
and Soissons, in the old province of Valois. This one had been attached
to the royal field under Philippe-Auguste in 1181, and the châtellenie
of "Pierrefonts", position of refuge and strategic monitoring
in skirt of forest of Compiegne, was repurchased with having the
Charles V gives the county of Valois to his second Louis wire of
Orleans as of his birth. This donation is confirmed in 1386, at
the moment of its marriage with Valentine Visconti (girl of the
duke of Milan).
1392. The king Charles VI is
taken crises of insanity which will not cease any more until its
death. The authority in the kingdom becomes dubious and a bloody
competition develops between two parties claiming to control in
the name of the king: the Burgundian ones combined to the English
(with claims on the throne of France) and the Armagnacs, combined
to Louis of Orleans. This last, being claimed frustrated its rights
of regent of the kingdom, makes build or repair several castles
to constitute a vast military network suitable to dominate the north
of Paris and whose Pierrefonds could constitute an ultimate tiny
The building work of the castle progresses quickly and will be completed
less than ten years later, since one 1406, all the court moves to
assist with the marriage of the future Charles poet of Orleans,
wire elder of Louis.
Louis of Orleans is assassinated in Paris by the partisans of the
Burgundian ones. 1415. The king of England Henri V, benefitting
from the disorders and strong of his alliance with the Burgundian
ones, gains the victory of Azincourt against the Armagnacs. Charles
of Orleans, heir to Pierrefonds, is made prisoner. There will remain
25 years prisoner in England and he will express in his worms the
nostalgia of "his douice France": ' By looking towards
the country of France One day occurred me, in Dover on the sea That
it remembered the soft pleasure That I soûlais * to that the
country to find; And began heart certainly to sigh Combien that
large good me faisoit to see France which my heart to like owes.
The treaty of Troyes, with the support of the queen of Isabeau France
of Bavaria, disinherits the dolphin (future Charles VII), recognizes
Henri V of England like heir to the kingdom and regency confers
Henri V, then Charles VI die in two months of interval. this situation
creates one period of uncertainty which will dissipate Jeanne d'
Arc while making recognize the legitimacy of Charles VII in 1429.
Charles of Orleans is released in 1440. A truce with the English
intervenes in 1444 and puts an end to the One hundred year old war.