History of the castle
the cross one, one of the largest knights of the Christendom, which
raised these walls with the money of its seigniories of Aragon,
torn off in Sarazins, across the mountains.
These ramparts, moreover,
were quite useful to discourage the aggressions of the Count de
Comminges who tried, by félonie, to benefit from the crusades
of Centule. In 1213, the defeat of the armies of king d' Aragon
and his vassal of the counties and occitans with Muret against the
sanguinary hordes of Simon de Monfort, deprived Bigorre of the protection
of these kings de Barcelone. That was going to allow, by low operations,
with King d' Angleterre to seize episodically this castle in 1255,
1259 and 1284.
The kings of France,
by such unfair processes, since 1292, dispossessed the family of
our Count Jean of Bigorre and the castle of Mauvezin. During this
century, as in more the share of the "casteths naus of Gasconha",
the French castelnaus; the peasants gathered around the Castle where
they found protection.
In the year 1361,
the castles of Bigorre were again given to king d' Angleterre following
the defeat of the French Army in Poitiers (treated of Brétigny).
Jean Froissard, the large chronicler of this one hundred year old
war, told the seat of the castle, in 1373, by the army of the Duke
of Anjou, brother of the king; I for my part, never intended to
say that the resistance of the castle was also long, but all those
which could attend this event returned the heart today.
In this time there,
Gaston Fébus, sovereign Viscount of Béarn and Count
de Foix made an effort, by all the means, to recover the Castle
of Mauvezin and Bigorre whose its family had been wrongfully despoiled
in 1292. This extraordinary prince, incontestably more refined of
his time, radiated with Spain in Prussia. No one did not deserve
its nickname of Fébus better, the Count sun. By the force
or the money, it managed to connect its grounds of Foix to those
of Béarn. Thus in 1379, it obtained finally Mauvezin, link
essential to its great Pyrenean Principality. It quickly built this
colossal keep 37 meters height and 3 meters base width. Thus, by
its impressive dimensions and its site, it constituted a protective
shield against the machines of war which one could have introduced
into the suburb, while protecting the entry effectively. Lastly,
Gaston Fébus made raise the ramparts and crowned all the
fortress of machicolation because large was its richness.
this large lord, disappeared in his turn in 1391...
Its successors, always
main from this castle, were going to become kings. Kings de Navarre
initially, with always the hope to constitute this large kingdom
on both sides of the Pyrenees, dreams cherished by Gaston Fébus...
Vain hope, choked by these too powerful neighbors of France and
Spain. Kings de France finally with that which deserved well these
qualifiers of HENRI IV large or that more known, of good king Henri,
"lo noste Enric", per tots Gascons. Indeed, only managed
to him to put an end to this terrible tragedy that were the wars
of religion for France, but more still for our area, during the
last third of this XVIe century. During this black period, the castle
was with the hands of a Protestant garrison which plundered the
surrounding cities before falling to the hands from the catholics
who used the primitive keep as prison.
In 1607, Bigorre
and the castle were attached to the kingdom of France. Then this
fortress, stripped slowly its stones, especially during the revolution
declined. Then our language occitane declined which, however, resounded
in these walls during one millenium. Spoken about the Valley of
Spanish Aran to the Italian alpine valleys and about the Auvergne-Limousin
in the Mediterranean, it was the most brilliant language of the
Romance Middle Ages... At the beginning of the century, a man, Albin
Bibal, and an association "EscÒle Gaston Febus"
made it possible to believe in a revival of the castle and language,
spoken by all the population about Gascogne and Occitanie.
Bibal with its expenses,
restored the castle in order to make it worth visiting, thus saving
it unquestionable death. It yielded it to the association which
has the role to promote the language and the literature occitane
as well as the inheritance of Gascogne."L' EscÒla achieved
a work of considerable edition old and modern occitans authors during
Since ten years,
it invested very significant sums, taking into account its modest
means, in the restoration of this castle and it endeavours to continue
this rehabilitation thanks to the contests of many voluntary. The
state took into account the value of its work by recognizing it
of public utility.
"Viscan a long
time aqueth castèth e' ruffle lenga nosta!" What lives
a long time this castle and this language which are expensive to