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Castle of Yevre le Châtel


History of the castle

Located on a spur, in extreme cases of old évéchés of Orleans and Direction, of which the Essonne and Rimarde marked the border, Yèvre-le-Châtel was very early strengthened.

As of Xème century, Yèvre is one of the possessions of the Abbey of Fleury de Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire. It is known that on several occasions the monks of Fleury complained with the King, Hugues Capet, of the exactions of the baron Arnoul de Yèvre. It is undoubtedly to make forget excesses of her husband whom his wife, Lucinde, founded in the enclosure of the chàteau an abbey under the invocation of Saint-Gault, one of the Saints of Brittany whose relics had been brought in the area by monks fleeing the invasion of the Norman ones. The vault of this abbey is today the parish church of Yèvre-le-Châtel.

After the death of the baron Arnoul, the King will intervene several times to subject his successors and to dismantle their castles which were to be only wood forts, built on a "mound".

The fastening of the castle to the crown of France is probably about 1112, when Louis VI the Large constrained Foulques Viscount to yield Yèvre-le-Châtel to him of which it made powerful a chàtellenie.

About 1200, on order of Philippe Auguste, the castle was rebuilt according to last improvements' of the military architecture brought back of the crusades. It is apparently in Gilon of Tournel that one owes this ultimate rebuilding.

During the One hundred year old war, Yèvre remained, with Montargis, the only fortified town in the north of the Loire not to fall between the hands from the English or the Burgundian ones.

With the end of XVème century, because of extension of the royal field and progress of the artillery which made its defenses obsolete, Yèvre-le-Châtel lost of its importance and its role of fortified town. An inventory already indicates, in 1610, that the castle is in ruin.

In 1637, the constabulary will be transferred to Pithiviers, but royal justice will continue to sit at Yèvre until the Revolution.

Castle of the month :

Castle-Gaillard
Normandy - France
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