History of the castle
- The One hundred Year old war
The One hundred Year
old war will replace the Pole in the center of the Franco-English
competition and will give again with the castle of Nogent a defensive
role which it had not played any more for several centuries. The
Pole, asserted like Normandy by the kings of England, had to undergo
on several occasions the fatal attacks of the English.
In 1359, the English seize Nogent as well as castle and on October
24, 1360 with the Treaty of Brétigny, Édouard, king
d' Angleterre, restores the places of Nogent and Beaumont. In 1424
after the Battle of Verneuil, the Pole passes to the English. In
1427, the castle of Nogent is taken again by the French.
In 1428, the castle, although valiantly defended by the Gascon captain
Pallière, does not resist the attack conducted by the count
de Salisbury. The attack relates especially to the north-eastern
angle. A wall side yields on all the height of the keep, of which
the interior is set fire to, then left to the abandonment. The Saint-Etienne
vault, built in the enclosure of the castle in 1122 pennies Rotrou
III, is also destroyed. In 1447, the English are definitively driven
- End XVe at the beginning XVIe century
It is to the "young
ladies of Armagnac" that one allots the current aspect of the
castle: rebuilding of the home above the passage arched in cradle,
formant rez of roadway, heightening of the turns of the entry crowned
of decorative machicolations. The "steps of Jean Saint"
connecting the castle to the district of Pâty go back to this
8 - XVIe century
The seigniory of Nogent-le-Rotrou
passes to the family of theCop, which frequently remains there.
The castle is the theatre of a sumptuous life: in 1558, one celebrates
the new drafting of the habits of the Large-Pole; in 1566, one celebrates
the birth of Charles of Bourbon, future count de Soissons. The poets
of Pleïade interpret "the Judgement of Pâris".
1568 - These festivals know bloody following days during the wars
of religion. It is at this period, probably, that the tower of the
Chair is levelled down to be transformed into terrace with gun.
9 - XVIIe at the
1624 - The duke of
Sully becomes owner of the castle. The project imposing which had
been considered by the minister of Henri IV - to reverse the old
keep of the counts of the Pole to rebuild a traditional residence
of style - were not fortunately I ever realized. The small house
of style Louis XIII is the only vestige of this period. The alley
of elms that Sully made plant on the circumference external of the
enclosure is cut down - two centuries later.
1641 - Died of Sully. Its burial is high in the hotel God of Nogent
and is next to the NotreDame church.
1779 - The descendants of Sully sell the baronnie of Nogent to the
count d' Orsay who was the last lord of Nogent. 1789-1801 - During
the Revolution, the castle is transformed into prison. Collegial
St Jean, built in 1094 per Geoffroy IV outside the enclosure of
the castle, is cut down in 1798.
10 - XIXe at the
these two centuries, the castle passes between several hands. The
9 juin1836, Victor Hugo written to his wife "We saw and visited
in Nogent it Rotrou this castle which one wanted to sell to me,
there are six to seven years. Nanteuil makes of them for you a sketch
of remembering while I write to you. The outside of the castle is
still very beautiful and superbly dominates an immense horizon of
undulating plains. Interior N is that dilapidation ".
In 1843, Oeillet of the Walls acquires the castle and undertakes
many work of restoration. The "breach of English" is dissimulated
by a wall of plating to windows, overcome machicolation. The ground
floor of the keep is bored several windows. The windows of the home
and the turns are increased, the restored floors and ceilings. Exhausted
and partly ruined per so many work, Oeillet of the Walls resells
the fortress with Dr. Jousset de Bellesme. In 1885, Historian of
the Pole and impassioned archaeologist, this one continues the work
undertaken by his predecessor.Several interventions are carried
out on the keep; most visible and discussed being the re-establishment
of the crenellation of the keep in 1905.
In 1950, damaged by the conflicts of the Second War, the castle
is bought by the town of Nogent it Rotrou. Very significant work
of restoration is then undertaken in order to arrange the home of
the castle in museum of ethnography and local history and in showrooms.
Since 2001, the restoration and the development of the keep and
tower of the Chair are in hand.